CHON-JI

Movements – 19
Ready Posture – OPEN READY STANCE
CHON- JI means literally ” the Heaven the Earth”. It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.

DAN-GUN

Movements – 21
Ready Posture – OPEN READY STANCE
DAN-GUN is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 B.C.

DO-SAN

Movements – 24
Ready Posture – OPEN READY STANCE
DO-SAN is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho. The 24 movements represent the years he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

WON-HYO

Movements – 28
Ready Posture – CLOSED READY STANCE A
WON-HYO was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D.

YUL-GOK

Movements – 38
Ready Posture – OPEN READY STANCE
YUL-GOK is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi l who was nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea” The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 latitude and the diagram represents “scholar”.

JOONG-GUN

Movements – 32
Ready Posture – CLOSED READY STANCE B
JOONG-GUN is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn’s age when he was executed in a Lui-Shung prison (1910).

TOI-GYE

Movements – 37
Ready Posture – CLOSED READY STANCE B
TOI-GYE is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo- Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 latitude, the diagram represents “scholar”.

HWA-RANG

Movements – 29
Ready Posture – CLOSED READY STANCE C
HWA-RANG is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.

CHOONG-MOO

Movements – 30
Ready Posture – OPEN READY STANCE
CHOONG-MOO was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death.

KWANG-GAE

Movements – 39
Ready Posture – OPEN STANCE WITH A HEAVEN HAND
KWANG-GAE is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A. D., the year he came to the throne.

HORANGEE #1

Movements – 30
Ready Posture – OPEN READY STANCE
In the initial stage of self defense the student must learn movement, balance and timing. The student must also gain strength and endurance to be able to overcome an attacker.In the second stage of self defense the student must learn to defend themselves in the free sparring stage. In this stage the student is not hindered by the attacker from executing any kick or punch from a standing position.

HORANGEE #2

Movements – 40
Ready Posture – OPEN READY STANCE
In the second stage of self defense the student must learn to defend themselves in the free sparring stage. In this stage the student is not hindered by the attacker from executing any kick or punch from a standing position.

HORANGEE #3

Movements – 50
Ready Posture – OPEN READY STANCE
The Clinch Stage. In the third stage of self defense the student must learn to defend them self in the clinch stage. In this stage the attacker has engaged the student in close range, and the student can no longer use long kicks and punches for defense.

HORANGEE #4

Movements – 60
Ready Posture – CLOSED READY STANCE D
In the fourth stage of self defense the student must learn to defend themselves in the ground stage. In this stage the attacker and student are both off their feet. The student must learn to utilize dominant positions, joint locks and chokes to overcome the attacker.

GAE-BAEK

Movements – 44
Ready Posture – OPEN READY STANCE
GE-BAEK is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 AD). The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline.

EUI-AM

Movements – 45
Ready Posture – CLOSED READY STANCE D
EUI- AM is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on March 1, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly way religion) in 1905. The diagram represents his Indomitable Spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.

CHOONG-JANG

Movements – 52
Ready Posture – CLOSED READY STANCE A
CHOONG-JANG is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Lee Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.

JUCHE

Movements – 45
Ready Posture – OPEN STANCE WITH A TWIN SIDE ELBOW
JUCHE is a philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything. In other words, the idea that man is the master of the world and his own destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain which symbolizes the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram represents Baekdu mountain.

SAM-IL

Movements – 33
Ready Posture – CLOSED READY STANCE C
SAM-IL denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.

YOO-SIN

Movements – 68
Ready Posture – WARRIOR READY STANCE B
YOO-SIN is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D., the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin’s mistake of following his King’s orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.

CHOI-YONG

Movements – 46
Ready Posture – CLOSED READY STANCE C
CHOI-YONG is named after General Choi Yong, premier and commander in chief of the armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders headed by general Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first King of the Lee Dynasty.

YONG-GAE

Movements – 49
Ready Posture – WARRIOR READY STANCE A
YONG-GAE is named after a famous general during the Koguryo Dynasty, Yon Gae Somoon. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649 A.D., the year he forced the Tang Dynasty to quit Korea after destroying nearly 300,000 of their troops at Ansi Sung.

UL-JI

Movements – 42
Ready Posture – OPEN STANCE WITH AN X-BACK HAND
UL- JI is named after general Ul-Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a Tang’s invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D., Ul-Ji employing hit and run guerilla tactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The diagram represents his surname. The 42 movements represent the author’s age when he designed the pattern.

MOON-MOO

Movements – 61
Ready Posture – OPEN READY STANCE
Moon-Moo honours the 30th King of the Silla Dynasty. His body was buried near Dae Wang Am (Great King’s Rock). According to his will, the body was placed in the sea “where my soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese.” It is said that the Sok Gul Am (Stone cave) was built to guard his tomb. The 61 movements in this pattern symbolize the last two figures of 661 A.D. when Moon Moo came to the throne.

SO-SAN

Movements – 72
Ready Posture – CLOSED READY STANCE A
SO-SAN is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong Ung (1520-1604) during the Lee Dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he organized a corps of monk soldiers with the assistance of his pupil Sa Myunh Dang. The monk soldiers helped repulse the Japanese pirates who overran most of the Korean peninsula in 1592.

SE-JONG

Movements – 24
Ready Posture – CLOSED READY STANCE B
SE-JONG is named after the greatest Korean King, Se-Jong, who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443, and was also a noted meteorologist. The digram represents the king, while the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet.

TONG-IL

Movements – 56
Ready Posture – PARALLEL STANCE WITH AN OVERLAPPED BACK HAND
TONG-IL denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea which has been divided since 1945. The diagram symbolizes the homogenous race.